Romualdo de Souza

Publications in Refereed Journals

133. Experimental measurement of 12C + 16O fusion at stellar energies, X. Fang, W.P. Tan, M. Beard, G. Gilardy, H. Jung, Q. Liu, S. Lyons, D. Robertson, K Setoodehnia, C. Seymour, E. Stech, B. Vande Kolk, M. Wiescher, R.T. deSouza, S. Hudan, V. Singh, X.D. Tang, E. Uberseder, Phys. Rev. C 96 045804 (2017).

132. Achieving high spatial resolution using a microchannel plate detector with an economic and scalable approach, B. B. Wiggins, Z. O. deSouza, J. Vadas, A. Alexander, S. Hudan, R.T. deSouza, Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. A872, 144 (2017).

131. Development of a compact ExB microchannel plate detector for beam imaging, B. B. Wiggins, V. Singh, J. Vadas, J. Huston, T. K. Steinbach, S. Hudan, R.T. deSouza, Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. A866, 202 (2017).

130. Fusion Enhancement at near and sub-barrier energies in 19O + 12C, Varinderjit Singh, J. Vadas, T.K. Steinbach, B.B. Wiggins, S. Hudan, R.T. deSouza, Zidu Lin, C.J. Horowitz, L.T. Baby, S.A. Kuvin, Vandana Tripathi, I. Wiedenhover, A.S. Umar, Phys. Lett. B 765, 99 (2017).

129. High-rate axial-field ionization chamber for particle identification of radioactive beams, J. Vadas, Varinderjit Singh, G. Visser, A. Alexander, S. Hudan, J. Huston, B. B. Wiggins, A. Chbihi, M. Famiano, M.M. Bischak, R. T. deSouza, Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. A837, 28 (2016).

128. Sensing an electron cloud emanating from a microchannel plate stack, R. T. deSouza, B. B. Wiggins, D. Siwal, Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC), IEEE Xplore (2015).

127. Evidence for survival of the α cluster structure in light nuclei through the fusion process, J. Vadas, T. K. Steinbach, J. Schmidt, Varinderjit Singh, C. Haycraft, S. Hudan, R. T. deSouza, L. T. Baby, S. A. Kuvin, I. Wiedenhover, Phys. Rev. C 92, 064610 (2015).

126. Using pulse shape analysis to improve the position resolution of a resistive anode microchannel plate detector, D. Siwal, B. B. Wiggins, R.T. deSouza, Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. A804, 144 (2015).

125. Optimizing the position resolution of a Z-stack microchannel plate resistive anode detector for low intensity signals, B.B. Wiggins, E. Richardson, D. Siwal, S. Hudan, R.T. deSouza, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86, 083303 (2015).

124. Symmetry energy dependence of long-timescale isospin transport, K. Stiefel, Z. Kohley, R. T. deSouza, S. Hudan, and K. Hammerton, Phys. Rev. C 90, 061605(R) (2014).

123. Sub-barrier enhancement of fusion as compared to a microscopic method in 18O+12C, T. K. Steinbach, J. Vadas, J. Schmidt, C. Haycraft, S. Hudan, R. T. deSouza, L. T. Baby, S. A. Kuvin, I. Wiedenhover, A. S. Umar, V. E. Oberacker, Phys. Rev. C 90, 041603(R) (2014).

122. Measuring the fusion cross-section of light nuclei with low-intensity beams, T. K. Steinbach, M. J. Rudolph, Z. Q. Gosser, K. Brown, B. Floyd, S. Hudan, R. T. deSouza, J. F. Liang, D. Shapira and M. Famiano, Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. A743, 5 (2014).

121. Timescale for Isospin Equilibration in Projectile Breakup, S. Hudan and R.T. deSouza, Special Review Edition of Eur. J. Phys. A on Symmetry Energy, Eur. Phys. J. A50 36 (2014).

120. Teaching thermodynamics and kinetics to general chemistry students using PV diagrams, S.S. Iyengar and R.T. deSouza, J of Chem. Educ. 91, 74 (2014).

119. Confronting near and sub-barrier fusion cross-sections for 20O+12C with a microscopic method, R.T. de Souza, S. Hudan, V. E. Oberacker, A. S. Umar, Phys. Rev. C 88, 014602 (2013).

118. Timescale for equilibration of N/Z gradients in dinuclear systems ,K. Brown, S. Hudan, R.T. de Souza, J. Gauthier, R. Roy, D.V. Shetty, G.A. Souliotis, S.J. Yennello, Phys. Rev. C 87, 061601(R) (2013).

117. Using quantum mechanics to facilitate the introduction of a broad range of chemical concepts to first year undergraduate students, R.T. deSouza and S.S. Iyengar, Journal of Chem. Ed. 90, 717 (2013).

116. Isospin observables from fragment energy spectra, T.X. Liu, W.G. Lynch, R.H. Showalter, M.B. Tsang, X.D. Liu, W.P. Tan, M.J. van Goethem, G. Verde, A. Wagner, H.F. Xi, H.S. Xu, M.A. Famiano, R.T. de Souza, V.E. Viola, R.J. Charity and L.G. Sobotka, Phys. Rev. C 86, 024605 (2012).

115. Tracking saddle-to-scission dynamics using N/Z in projectile breakup reactions, S. Hudan, A.B. McIntosh, R.T. de Souza, S. Bianchin, J. Black, A.Chbihi, M. Famiano, M.0. Frégeau, J. Gauthier, D. Mercier, j. Moisan, C.J. Metelko, R. Roy, Schwarz, W. Trautmann, and R. Yanez, Phys. Rev. C 86, 021603(R) (2012).

114. Using induced signals to sense position from a microchannel plate detector, R. T. deSouza, Z. Q. Gosser, and S. Hudan, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 053305 (2012).

113. Angular dependence in proton-proton correlation functions in central 40Ca+40Ca and 48Ca+48Ca reactions, , V. Henzl, M.A. Kilburn, Z. Chajecki, D. Henzlova, W.G. Lynch, D. Brown, A. Chbihi, S.D.S. Coupland, p. Danilewicz, R.T. deSouza, M. Famiano, C. C. Herlitzius, S. Hudan, Jenny Lee, S. Lukyanov, A.M. Rogers, A. Sanetullaev, L.G. Sobotka, Z.Y. Sun, M.B. Tsang, A. VanderMolen, G. Verde, M.S. Wallace, and M. Youngs, , Phys. Rev. C 85, 014606 (2012).

112. Near- and sub-barrier fusion of 20O incident ions with 12C target nuclei, M.J. Rudolph, Z.Q. Gosser, K. Brown, S. Hudan, R.T. de Souza, A. Chbihi, B. Jacquot, M. Famiano, J.F. Liang, D. Shapira, D. Mercier, Phys. Rev. C85, 024605 (2012).

111. Ground-State proton decay of 69Br and implications for the 68Se Astrophysical Rapid Proton-Capture Process Waiting point, A.M. Rogers, M.A. Famiano, W.G. Lynch, M.S. Wallace, F. Amorini, R.J. Charity,F. Delaunay, R.T. de Souza, J. Elson, A. Gade, D. Galaviz, M-J van Goethem, S. Hudan, J. Lee, S. Lobastov, S. Lukyanov, M. Matos, M. Mocko, H. Schatz, D. Shapira, L.G. Sobotka, M.B. Tsang, G. Verde, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 252503 (2011).

110. Sub-nanosecond time-of-flight for segmented silicon detectors, R.T. deSouza, A. Alexander, K. Brown, B. Floyd, Z.Q. Gosser, S. Hudan, J. Poehlman, M.J. Rudolph, Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. A632, 133 (2011).

109. Correlations between Reaction Product Yields as a Tool for Probing Heavy Ion Reaction Scenarios, W. Gawlikowicz, D.K. Agnihotri, S.A. Baldwin, W.U. Schroder, J. Toke, R.J. Charity, D.G. Sarantites, L.G. Sobotka, R.T. deSouza, T. Barczyk, K. Grotowski, S. Micek, R. Planeta, and Z Sosin, Phys. Rev. C 81,014604 (2010).

108. Short-lived binary splits of an excited projectile-like fragment induced by transient deformation, A.B. McIntosh, S. Hudan, J. Black, D. Mercier, C.J. Metelko, R. Yanez, R.T. de Souza, A. Chbihi, M. Famiano, M.O. Fregeau, J. Gauthier, J. Moisan, R. Roy, S. Bianchin, C. Schwarz, W. Trautmann, Phys. Rev. C 81, 034603 (2010).

107. Charge correlations and isotopic distributions of projectile fragmentation events in 124Xe + 112Sn at E/A=50 MeV, S. Hudan, A.B. McIntosh, J. Black, D. Mercier, C.J. Metelko, R. Yanez, R.T. de Souza, A. Chbihi, M. Famiano, M.O. Fregeau, J. Gauthier, J. Moisan, R. Roy, S. Bianchin, C. Schwarz, W. Trautmann, Phys. Rev. C 80, 064611 (2009).

106. Mechanisms in Knockout reactions, D. Bazin, R. J. Charity, R. T. de Souza, M. A. Famiano, A. Gade, V. Henzl, D. Henzlova, S. Hudan, J. Lee, S. Lukyanov, W. G. Lynch, S. McDaniel, M. Mocko, A. Obertelli, A. M. Rogers, L. G. Sobotka, J. R. Terry, J. A. Tostevin, M. B. Tsang, and M. S. Wallace, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 232501 (2009).

105. Exclusive Studies of 130-270 MeV 3He- and 200-MeV Proton-Induced reactions on 27Al, natAg and 197Au, D.S. Ginger, K. Kwiatkowski, G. Wang, W-C. His, S. Hudan, E. Cornell, R.T. de Souza, V.E. Viola and R.G. Korteling, Phys. Rev. C 78, 034601 (2008).

104. The high resolution array (HiRA) for rare isotope beam measurements, M.S. Wallace, M.A. Famiano, M.-J. vanGoethem,A. Rogers, W.G. Lynch, J.Clifford, F. Delaunay, J. Lee, S. Labostoy, M. Mocko, L. Morris, A. Moroni, B.E. Nett, D.J. Oostdyk, R. Krishnaswamy, M.B. Tsang, R.T. deSouza, S. Hudan, L.G. Sobotka, R.J. Charity, J. Elson, G.L. Engel, Nucl. Instr. Meth. In Phys. Res. A583, 302 (2007).

103. Tidal effects and the Proximity decay of nuclei, A.B. McIntosh, S. Hudan, C.J. Metelko. R.T. de Souza, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, W. Lynch and M.B. Tsang, Phys. Rev. Lett., 99 132701 (2007).

102. MASE: A novel approach to readout of a highly segmented silicon detector array, C. Metelko, A. Alexander, S. Hudan, J. Poehlman, and R.T. de Souza, Nucl. Inst. Meth in Phys. Res. A569, 801-815 (2006).

101. Neutron to proton ratios of quasiprojectile and midrapidity emission in the 64Zn + 64Zn reaction at 45 MeV/nucleon, D. Thériault, J. Gauthier, F. Grenier, F. Moisan, C. St-Pierre, R. Roy, B. Davin, S. Hudan, T. Paduszynski, R.T. de Souza, E. Bell, J. Garey, J. Iglio, A.L. Keksis, S. Parketon, C. Richers, D.V. Shetty, S.N. Soisson, G.A. Souliotis, B.C. Stein, and S.J. Yennello, Phys. Rev. C 74, 051602(R) (2006).

100. Highly segmented detector arrays for studying resonant decay of unstable nuclei, Romualdo T. deSouza, Carl Metelko, and Sylvie Hudan, Nucl. Inst. Meth. In Phys. Res. B261, 1107 (2007).

99. d-alpha correlation functions and collective motion in Xe+Au collisions at E/A=50 MeV, G. Verde, P. Danielewicz, W.G. Lynch, C.F. Chan, C.K. Gelbke, L.K. Kwong, T.X. Liu, X.D. Liu, D. Seymour, R. Shomin, W.P. Tan, M.B. Tsang, A. Wagner, H.S. Xu, D.A. Brown, B. Davin, Y. Larochelle, R.T. de Souza, R.J. Charity and L.G. Sobotka, Phys. Lett. B, 653, 12 (2007).

98. Isospin diffusion observables in heavy ion reactions, T.X. Liu, W.G. Lynch, M.B. Tsang, X.D. Liu, R. Shomin, W.P. Tan, G. Verde, A. Wagner, H.F. Xi, H.S. Xu, B. Davin, Y. Larochelle, R.T. de Souza, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, Phys. Rev. C76, 034603 2007

97. Light-ion-induced multifragmentation: the ISiS Project, V.E. Viola, K. Kwiatkowski, L. Beaulieu, D.S. Bracken, H. Breuer, J. Brzychczyk, R.T. de Souza, D.S. Ginger, W.-C. Hsi, R.G. Korteling, T. Lefort, W.G. Lynch, K.B. Morley, R. Legrain, L. Pienkowski, E.C. Pollacco, E. Renshaw, A. Ruangma, M.B. Tsang, C. Volant, G. Wang, S.J. Yennello, Phys. Rept. 434 (2006), 1-67 ; arXiv:nucl-ex/0604012

96. Cooling dynamics in multi-fragmentation process , T. X. Liu, W. G. Lynch, M. J. van Goethem, X. D. Liu, R. Shomin, W. P. Tan, M. B. Tsang, G. Verde, A. Wagner, H. F. Xi, H. S. Xu, W. A. Friedman, S. R. Souza, R. Donangelo, L. Beaulieu, B. Davin, Y. Larochelle, T. Lefort, R. T. de Souza, R. Yanez, V. E. Viola, R. J. Charity and L. G. Sobotka Europhys. Lett. 74, 806 (2006)

95. Short timescale behavior of colliding heavy nuclei at intermediate energies, S. Hudan, R.T. deSouza, A. Ono, Phys. Rev. C73, 054602 (2006).

94. Resolving multiple particles in a highly segmented silicon array, T. Paduszynski, P. Sprunger, R.T. deSouza, S. Hudan, A. Alexander, B. Davin, G. Fleener, A.B. McIntosh, C. Metelko, R. Moore, N. Peters, J. Poehlman, J. Gauthier, F. Grenier, R. Roy, D. Theriault, E. Bell, J. Garey, J. Iglio, A.L. Keksis, S. Parketon, C. Richers, D.V. Shetty, S.N. Soisson, G.A. Soulioutis, B. Stein, S.J. Yennello, Nucl. Instr. Meth A547, 464 (2005).

93. Comparison of midvelocity fragment formation with projectilelike decay, S. Hudan, R. Alfaro, B. Davin, Y. Larochelle, H. Xu, L. Beaulieu, T. Lefort, V. E. Viola, R. Yanez, R. T. de Souza, T. X. Liu, X. D. Liu, W. G. Lynch, R. Shomin, W. P. Tan, M. B. Tsang, A. Vander Molen, A. Wagner, H. F. Xi, C. K. Gelbke, R. J. Charity, L. G. Sobotka, Phys. Rev. C71, 054604 (2005).

92. Investigations and corrections of the light output uniformity in CsI(Tl) crystals, M.-J. van Goethem, M.S. Wallace, B.E. Nett, M.A. Famiano, K.R. Herner, D.J. Oostdyk, M. Mocko, W.G. Lynch, M.B. Tsang, P. Schotanus, J. Telfer, H.L. Clark, A. Moroni, R. de Souza, and L.G. Sobotka, Nucl. Instr. Meth A526, 455 (2004).

91. Interplay of initial deformation and Coulomb proximity on nuclear decay S. Hudan, R. Alfaro, L. Beaulieu, B. Davin, Y. Larochelle, T. Lefort, V.E. Viola, H. Xu, R. Yanez, R.T. de Souza, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, T.X. Liu, X.D. Liu, W.G. Lynch, R. Shomin, W.P. Tan, M.B. Tsang, A. Vander Molen, A.Wagner, H.F. Xi Phys. Rev. C 70 031601 (2004).

90. Isospin diffusion and the nuclear symmetry energy in heavy-ion reactions, M.B. Tsang, T.X. Liu, L. Shi, P. Danielewicz, C.K. Gelbke, X.D. Liu, W.G. Lynch, W.P. Tan, G. Verde, A. Wagner, H.S. Xu, W.A. Friedman, L. Beaulieu, L. Davin, R.T. de Souza, Y. Larochelle, T. Lefort, R. Yanez, V.E. Viola, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 062701 (2004).

89. Spin determination of particle unstable levels with particle correlations W. P. Tan, W. G. Lynch, T. X. Liu, X. D. Liu, M. B. Tsang, G. Verde, A. Wagner, H. S. Xu, B. Davin, R. T. de Souza, Y. Larochelle, R. J. Charity, and L. G. Sobotka, Phys. Rev. C 69 061304 (2004).

88. Isotope Yields from central 112,124Sn + 112,124Sn collisions: Dynamical emission? T. X. Liu, M. J. van Goethem, X. D. Liu, W. G. Lynch, R. Shomin, W. P. Tan, M. B. Tsang, G. Verde, A. Wagner, H. F. Xi, H. S. Xu, M. Colonna, M. Di Toro, M. Zielinska-Pfabe, H. H. Wolter, L. Beaulieu, B. Davin, Y. Larochelle, T. Lefort, R. T. de Souza, R. Yanez, V. E. Viola, R. J. Charity, and L. G. Sobotka Phys. Rev. C 69, 014603 (2004)

87. Excitation and decay of projectilelike fragments formed in dissipative peripheral collisions at intermediate energies R. Yanez, S. Hudan, R. Alfaro, B. Davin, Y. Larochelle, H. Xu, L. Beaulieu, T. Lefort, V.E. Viola, R.T. de Souza, T.X. Liu, X.D. Liu, W.G. Lynch, R. Shomin, W.P. Tan, M.B. Tsang, A. Vander Molen, A. Wagner, H.F. Xi, R.J. Charity, and L.G. Sobotka Phys. Rev. C 68, 011602 (2003)

86. Temperature and n-p asymmetry dependencies of the level density parameter in Ni + Mo fusion reactions R.J. Charity,L.G. Sobotka, J.F. Dempsey, M. Devlin, S. Komarov, D.G. Sarantites, A.L. Caraley, R.T. de Souza, W. Loveland, D. Peterson, B.B. Back, C.N. Davids, D. Seweryniak Phys. Rev. C. 67, 044611 (2003).

85. Fragment Isospin as a Probe of Heavy-ion Collisions. H. Xu, R. Alfaro, B. Davin, L. Beaulieu, Y. Larochelle, T. Lefort, R. Yanez, R.T. de Souza, T.X. Liu, X.D. Liu, W.G. Lynch, R. Shomin, W.P. Tan, M.B. Tsang, A. vander Molen, A. Wagner, H.F. Xi, C.K. Gelbke, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, A.S. Botvina, Phys. Rev. C. 65, 061602(R) (2002).

84. Fragment Production in Non-central Collisions of Intermediate Energy Heavy Ions, B. Davin, R. Alfaro-Molina, H. Xu, L. Beaulieu, Y. Larochelle, T. Lefort, R Yanez, A. Caraley, R.T. de Souza, T.X. Liu, X.D. Liu, W.G. Lynch, R. Shomin, W.P. Tan, M.B. Tsang, A. Vander Molen, A. Wagner, H.F. Xi, C.K. Gelbke, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, Phys. Rev. C. 65, 064614 (2002).

83. Near Scission Emission of Intermediate Mass Fragments in 12C + 232Th at E/A = 16 and 22 MeV,  T.A. Bredeweg, R. Yanez, B.P. Davin, K. Kwiatkowski, R.T. de Souza, R. Lemmon, R. Popescu, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, D. Hofman, N. Carjan, Phys. Rev. C. 66, 014608 (2002).

82. Isospin Fractionation in Nuclear Fragmentation, G. Verde, H.S. Xu, T.X. Liu, W.G. Lynch, W.P. Tan, M.B. Tsang, A. VanderMolen, A. Wagner, H.F. Xi, C.K. Gelbke, L. Beaulieu, B. Davin, Y. Larochelle, T. Lefort, R.T. de Souza, R. Yanez, V. Viola, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, Nucl. Phys. A 681, 299c (2001).

81. LASSA: A Large Area Silicon Strip Array for Isotopic Identification of Charged Particles, B. Davin, R.T. de Souza, R. Yanez, Y. Larochelle, R. Alfaro, H.S. Xu, A. Alexander, K. Bastin, L. Beaulieu, J. Dorsett, G. Fleener, L. Gelovani, T. Lefort, J. Poehlman, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, J. Elson, A. Wagner, T.X. Liu, X.D. Liu, W.G. Lynch, L. Morris, R. Shomin, W.P. Tan, M.B. Tsang, G. Verde, J. Yurkon, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. Phys. Res. Section A 473, 301 (2001).

80. Signals for the Transition from Liquid to Gas in Hot Nuclei,  V.E. Viola, T. Lefort, L. Beaulieu, K. Kwiatkowski, G. Wang, R. de Souza, L. Pienkowski, A. Botvina, H. Breuer, D. Durand, R.G. Korteling, R. Laforest, E. Martin, E. Ramakrishnan, D. Rowland, A. Ruangma, E. Winchester, S.J. Yennello, Nucl. Phys. A681, 267c-274c (2001).

79. Energy Resolution and Energy-light Response of CsI(T1) Scintillators for Charged Particle Detection. A. Wagner, W.P. Tan, K. Chalut, R.J. Charity, B. Davin, Y Larochelle, M.D. Lennek, T.X. Liu, X.D. Liu, W.G. Lynch, A.M. Ramos, R. Shomin, L.G. Sobotka, R.T. de Souza, M.B. Tsang, G. Verde, H.S. Xu, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 456, 290 (2001).

78. Reply to Comment on Experimental Evidence for Dynamical Decay of Finite Nuclear Matter., R. Yanez, T.A. Bredeweg, E. Cornell, B. Davin, K. Kwiatkowski, V.E. Viola, R.T. de Souza, R. Lemmon, R. Popescu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2646 (2000).

77. Transition from Surface to Bulk Emission in Thermal Multifragmentation, L. Beaulieu, K. Kwiatkowski, W.-c. Hsi, T. Lefort, R. de Souza, G. Wang, D.S. Bracken, E. Cornell, D.S. Ginger, V.E. Viola, L. Pienkowski, R.G. Korteling, R. Laforest, E. Martin, E. Ramakrishnan, D. Rowland, A. Ruangma, E. Winchester, S.J. Yennello, S. Gushue, L.P. Remsberg, H. Breuer, and B. Back, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5971 (2000).

76. Isospin Fractionation in Nuclear Multifragmentation, H.S. Xu, M.B. Tsang, T.X. Liu, X.D. Liu, W.G. Lynch, W.P. Tan, G. Verde, A. VanderMolen, A. Wagner, H.F. Xu, C.K. Gelbke, L. Beaulieu, B. Davin, Y. Larochelle, T. Lefort, R.T. de Souza, R. Yanez, V.E. Viola, R.J. Charity and L. G. Sobotka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 716 (2000).

75. Experimental Evidence for Dynamical Decay of Finite Nuclear Matter, R. Yanez, T.A. Bredeweg, E. Cornell, B. Davin, K. Kwiatkowski, V.E. Viola, R.T. de Souza, R. Lemmon, R. Popescu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3585 (1999).

74. Reply to Comment on Fragment Distributions for Highly Charged Systems, C. Williams, W.G. Lynch, C. Schwarz, M.B. Tsang, W.-c. Hsi, M.J. Huang, D.R. Bowman, J. Dinius, C.K. Gelbke, D.O. Handzy, G.J. Kunde, M.A. Lisa, G.F. Peaslee, L. Phair, A. Botvina, M-C. Lemaire, S.R. Souza, G. VanBuren, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, U. Lynen, J. Pochodzalla, H. Sann, W. Trautmann, D. Fox, R.T. deSouza, N. Carlin, Phys. Rev. C59, 552 (1999).

73. Disappearance of Rotational Flow and Reaction Plane Dispersions in Kr + Au Collisions, W.O. Shen, M.B. Tsang, N. Carlin, R.J. Charity, J. Feng, C.K. Gelbke, W.C. His, M.J. Huang, G.J. Kunde, M-C. LeMaire, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, U. Lynen, Y.G. Ma, G.F. Peaslee, L. Phair, J. Pochodzalla, H. Sann, C. Schwarz, L.G. Sobotka, R.T. deSouza, S.R. Souza, W. Trautmann, C. Williams, Phys. Rev. C57, 1508 (1998).

72. Impact Parameter Dependence of Light Charged Particle Production on 25A MeV 16O on Tb, Ta, and Au and 35 MeV 14N on Sm and Ta, D. Prindle, A. Elnaani, C. Hyde-Wright, W. Jiang, A.A. Sonzogni, R. Vandenbosch, D. Bowman, G. Cron, P. Danielewicz, J. Dinius, W.-c. Hsi, W.G. Lynch, C. Montoya, G. Peaslee, C. Schwarz, M.B. Tsang, C. Williams, R.T. de Souza, D. Fox, and T. Moore, Phys. Rev. C57, 1305 (1998).

71. Fragment Multiplicity Dependent Charge Distributions in Heavy Ion Collisions, M.B. Tsang, C. Williams, M.J. Huang, W.G. Lynch, L. Phair, D.R. Bowman, J. Dinius, C.K. Gelbke, D.O. Handzy, W.-c. Hsi, G.J. Kunde, M.A. Lisa, G.F. Peaslee, A. Botvina, M.-C. Lemaire, S.R. Souza, G. van Buren, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, C. Schwarz, U. Lynen, J. Pochodzalla, H. Sann, W. Trutmann, D. Fox, R.T. de Souza, N. Carlin, Phys. Rev. C55, R557 (1997).

70. Fragment Distributions for Highly Charged Systems, C. Williams, W.G. Lynch, C. Schwarz, M.B. Tsang, W.-c. Hsi, M.J. Huang, D.R. Bowman, J. Dinius, C.K. Gelbke, D.O. Handzy, G.J. Kunde, M.A. Lisa, G.F. Peasleee, L. Phair, A. Botvina, M.-C. Lemaire, S.R. Souza, G. Van Buren, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, U. Lynen, J. Pochodzalla, H. Sann, W. Trautmann, D. Fox, R.T. de Souza, and N. Carlin, Phys. Rev. C55, R2132 (1997).

69. Investigating the Evolution of Multifragmenting Systems with Fragment Emission Order, E.W. Cornell, T.M. Hamilton, D. Fox, Y. Lou, R.T. de Souza, M.J. Huang, W.-c. Hsi, C. Schwarz, C. Williams, D.R. Bowman, J. Dinius, C.K. Gelbke, D.O. Handzy, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, L. Phair, M.B. Tsang, G. VanBuren, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4508 (1996).

68. Dynamical Fragment Production as a Mode of Energy Dissipation in Heavy-Ion Reactions, J. Toke, D.K. Agnihotri, S.P. Baldwin, B. Djerroud, B. Lott, B.M. Quednau, W. Skulski, W.U. Schroder, L.G. Sobotka, R.J. Charity, D.G. Sarantites and R.T. de Souza, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3514 (1996).

67. Charge Correlations and Dynamical Instabilities in the Multifragment Emission Process, L.G. Moretto, Th. Rubehn, L. Phair, K. Tso, N. Colonna, G.J. Wozniak, D.R. Bowman, G.F. Peaslee, N. Carlin, R.T. de Souza, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, and C. Williams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2634 (1996).

66. Reducibility and Thermal and Mass Scaling in Angular Correlations from Multifragmentation Reactions, L. Phair, L.G. Moretto, G. Wozniak, R.T. de Souza, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, M.B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 822 (1996).

65. Emission of Intermediate Mass Fragments During Fission, S.L. Chen, R.T. de Souza, E. Cornell, B. Davin, T.M. Hamilton, D. Hulbert, K. Kwiatkowski, Y. Lou, V.E. Viola, R.G. Korteling, and J.L. Wile, Phys. Rev. C54, R2114 (1996).

64. Mass Dependence of Directed Collective Flow, M.J. Huang, R.C. Lemmon, F. Daffin, W.G.Lynch, C. Schwarz, M.B. Tsang, C. Williams, P. Danielewicz, K. Haglin , W. Bauer, N. Carlin, R.J. Charity, R.T. de Souza, C.K. Gelbke, W.-c. Hsi, G.J. Kunde, MC. Lemaire, M.A. Lisa, U. Lynen, G.F. Peaslee, J. Pochodzalla, H. Sann, L.G. Sobotka, S.R. Souza, and W. Trautmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3739 (1996).

63. Changing Source Characteristics During Multifragment Decay, T.M. Hamilton, E. Cornell, D. Fox, Y. Lou, R.T. de Souza, M.J. Huang, W.-c. Hsi, C. Schwarz, C. Williams, D.R. Bowman, J. Dinius, C.K. Gelbke, T. Glasmacher, D.O. Handzy, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, L. Phair, M.B. Tsang, G. Van Buren, R.J. Charity, and L.G. Sobotka, Phys. Rev. C53, 2273 (1996).

62. Fragment Emission from Modestly Excited Nuclear Systems. Y. Lou, R. T. de Souza, S. L. Chen, E. Cornell, B. Davin, D. Fox, T. M. Hamilton, K. McDonald, M. B. Tsang, T. Glasmacher, J. Dinius, C. K. Gelbke, D. O. Handzy, W.-c. Hsi, M. Huang, W. G. Lynch, C. Montoya, C. Schwarz, D. Prindle, A. A. Sonzogni, R. Vandenbosch, J. L. Wile, M. Parker and C. L. Coffing, Nucl. Phys. A604, 219 (1996).

61. Cross-Comparisons of Nuclear Temperatures Determined from Excited State Populations and Isotope Yields, M.B. Tsang, F. Zhu, W.G. Lynch, A. Aranda, D.R. Bowman, R.T. de Souza, C.K. Gelbke, Y.D. Kim, L. Phair, S. Pratt, C. Williams, H.M. Xu, and W.A. Friedman, Phys. Rev. C53, R1057 (1996).

60. Phase Coexistence in Multifragmentation?,   L.G. Moretto, L. Phair, R. Ghetti, K. Tso, N. Colonna, W. Skulski, G.J. Wozniak, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, M. Chartier, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, W.-c. Hsi, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, C. Schwarz, R.T. de Souza, M.B. Tsang and F. Zhu , Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 372 (1996).

59. Intermediate Mass Fragment Decay of the Neck Zone Formed in Peripheral 209Bi + 136Xe Collisions at Elab/A = 28 MeV, J. Toke, B. Lott, S.P. Baldwin, B.M. Quednair, W.U. Schroder, L.G. Sobotka, J. Baireto, R.J. Charity, D.G. Sarantites, D.W. Stracener, and R.T. de Souza, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2920 (1995).

58. High Resolution, Low Threshold Detector Telescopes for Multifragmentation Studies. D. Fox, R. T. De Souza, S. L. Chen, B. Davin, T.M. Hamilton, J. Dorsett, and J. Ottarson, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A. 368, 709 (1996).

57. Evaporation Residue, Fission Cross-sections and Linear Momentum Transfer in 14N and 16O induced Reactions from 25 to 155 A MeV, A.A. Sonzongi, A. Elmaani, C. Hyde-Wright, W. Jiang, D. Prindle, R. Vandenbosch, J. Dinius, G. Cron, D. Bowman, C.K. Gelbke, W.-c. Hsi, W.G. Lynch, C. Montoya, G. Peaslee, C. Schwarz, M.B. Tsang, C. Williams, R. de Souza, D. Fox, and T. Moore, Phys. Rev. C53, 243 (1996).

56. Impact parameter selected excited state populations for 36Ar + 197Au reactions at E/A = 35 MeV, F. Zhu, W.G. Lynch., D.R. Bowman, R.T. de Souza, C.K. Gelbke, Y.D. Kim, L. Phair, M.B. Tsang, C. Williams and H.M. Xu, Phys. Rev. C52, 784 (1995).

55. Space-Time Ambiguity of Two and Three Fragment Reduced Velocity Correlation Functions, T. Glasmacher, L. Phair, D.R. Bowman, G.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, R.T. de Souza, M.B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Rev. C51, 3489 (1995).

54. Assessing the Evolutionary Nature of Multifragment Decay, E. Cornell, T.M. Hamilton, D. Fox, Y. Lou, R.T. de Souza, C. Schwarz, M.J. Huang, D.R. Bowman, J. Dinius, C.K. Gelbke, T. Glasmacher, D.O. Handzy, W.-c. Hsi, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, L. Phair, M.B. Tsang, C. Williams, G. van Buren, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, and W.A. Friedman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1475 (1995).

53. Reducibility and Thermal Scaling of Charge Distributions in Multifragmentation, L. Phair, K. Tso, R. Ghetti, G. Wozniak, L.G. Moretto, R.T. de Souza, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, M.B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 213 (1995).

52. Experimental Evidence for the Reducibility of Multifragment Emission Probabilities to an Elementary Binary Emission Probability in Xe-Induced Reactions. K. Tso, L. Phair, N. Colonna, W. Skulski, G. J. Wozniak, L. G. Moretto, D. R. Bowman, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, W.-c. Hsi, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, W. G. Lynch, M. Chartier, G. F. Peaslee, C. Schwarz, R. T. de Souza, M. B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Lett. B361, 25 (1995).

51. Dynamical Production of Intermediate-Mass Fragments in Peripheral 209Bi + 136Xe Collisions at Elab/A = 28.2 MeV, J. Toke, B. Lott, S.P. Baldwin, B.M. Quednau, B.M. Szabo, W.U. Schroder, L.G. Sobotka, J. Barreto, R.J. Charity, L. Gallamore, D.G. Sarantites, D.W. Stracener, and R.T. de Souza, Nucl. Phys. A583, 519c (1995).

50. Decay Patterns of Dysprosium Nuclei Produced in 32S + 118,124Sn Fusion Reactions, J.L. Wile, D.L. Coffing, E.T. Bauer, D.J. Minion, B.M. Szabo, B. Lott, S.P. Baldwin, B. Quednau, J. Toke, W.U. Schroder, and R.T. de Souza, Phys. Rev. C51, 1693 (1995).

49. Are Multifragment Emission Probabilities Reducible to an Elementary Binary Emission Probability?, L.G. Moretto, L. Phair, K. Tso, K. Jing, G.J. Wozniak, R.T. de Souza, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, M.B. Tsang, and F. Zhu , Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1530 (1995).

48. Dissipative Orbiting in 209Bi and 136Xe Collisions at Elab/A = 28 MeV, S.P. Baldwin, B. Lott, B.M. Szabo, B.M. Quednau, W.U. Schröder, J. Toke, L.G. Sobotka, J. Barreto, R.J. Charity, L. Gallamore, D.G. Sarantites, D.W. Stracener, and R.T. de Souza, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1299 (1995).

47. Time Scale for Multifragmentation in Intermediate Energy Heavy-Ion Reactions, D. Fox, R.T. de Souza, T. Glasmacher, L. Phair, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, M.B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Rev. C50, 2424 (1994).

46. Two Fragment Correlation Functions with Directional Cuts for Central 36Ar + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 50 MeV, T. Glasmacher, L. Phair, D.R. Bowman, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, R.T. de Souza, M.B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Rev. C50, 952 (1994).

45. Anomalous Populations of Particle Unbound States in 10B, C. Schwarz, W.G. Gong, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, Y.D. Kim, W.G. Lynch, T. Murakami, G. Poggi, R.T. de Souza, M.B. Tsang, H.M. Xu, K. Kwiatkowski, V.E. Viola, and S.J. Yennello, Phys. Rev. C49, 3316 (1994).

44. Energy Dependence of Multifragmentation in 84Kr + 197Au Collisions, G.F. Peaslee, M.B. Tsang, C. Schwarz, M.J. Huang, W.S. Huang, W.-c. Hsi, C. Williams, W. Bauer, D.R. Bowman, M. Chartier, J. Dinius, C.K. Gelbke, T. Glasmacher, D.O. Handzy, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, C.M. Mader, L. Phair, M-C. le Maire, S.R. Sousa, G. Van Buren, R.J. Charity, L.G. Sobotka, G.J. Kunde, U. Lynen, J. Pochodzalla, H. Sann, W. Trautmann, D. Fox, R.T. de Souza, G. Peilert, W.A. Friedman, and N. Carlin, Phys. Rev C49, R2271 (1994).

43. Timescale for Proton Emission from Highly Excited Projectiles. R. J. Charity, L. G. Sobotka, G. Van Buren, F. A. Tibbals, J. Barreto, D. R. Bowman, M. Chartier, J. Dinius, D. Fox, C. K. Gelbke, D. O. Handzy, W.-c. Hsi, P. F. Hua, A. S. Korov, M. A. Lisa, W. G. Lynch, G. F. Peaslee, L. Phair, D. G. Sarantites, C. Schwarz, R. T. de Souza, M. B. Tsang, and C. Williams, Phys. Lett. B323, 113 (1994).

42. Proton Evaporation Timescales from Longitudinal and Transverse Two-Proton Correlation Functions, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Gong, C.K. Gelbke, N. Carlin, R.T. de Souza, Y.D. Kim, W.G. Lynch, T. Murakami, G. Poggi, M.B. Tsang, H.M. Xu, K. Kwiatkowski, V.E. Viola, and S.J. Yennello, Phys. Rev. C49, 2788 (1994).

41. Fragmentation of Neck-Like Structures, C.P. Montoya, W.G. Lynch, D. Bowman, G.F. Peaslee, N. Carlin, R.T. de Souza, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, L. Phair, M.B. Tsang, C. Williams, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M.A. McMahan, G.J. Wozniak, and L.G. Moretto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3070 (1994).

40. Azimuthal Correlations as a Test for Centrality in Heavy Ion Collisions. L. Phair, D. R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, W. G. Lynch, G. F. Peaslee, R. T. de Souza, M. B. Tsang, C. Williams, F. Zhu, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M A. McMahan, and G. J. Wozniak, Nucl. Phys. A564, 453 (1993).

39. Emission Temperatures from Widely Separated States in 14N- and 129Xe-Induced Reactions, C. Schwarz, W.G. Gong, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, Y.D. Kim, W.G. Lynch, T. Murakami, G. Poggi, R.T. de Souza, M.B. Tsang, and H.M. Xu, Phys. Rev. C48, 676 (1993).

38. Sources and Emission Time Scales in E/A = 50 MeV 129Xe + natCu Reactions,  D.R. Bowman, G.F. Peaslee, N. Carlin, R.T. de Souza, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, L. Phair, M.B. Tsang, C. Williams, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M.A. McMahan, G.J. Wozniak and L.G. Moretto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3534 (1993).

37. Two-Deuteron Correlation Functions in 14N + 27Al Collisions at E/A = 75 MeV, W.G. Gong, P. Danielewicz, C.K. Gelbke, N. Carlin, R.T. de Souza, Y.D. Kim, W.G. Lynch, T. Murakami, G. Poggi, D. Sanderson, M.B. Tsang, and H.M. Xu, Phys. Rev. C47, R429 (1993).

36. Multifragment Emission in 36Ar + 197Au and 129Xe + 197Au Collisions. W. Bauer, D. R. Bowman, N. Carlin, N. Colonna, R. T. de Souza, C K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, K. Hanold, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, W. G. Lynch, M. A. McMahan, L. G. Moretto, G. F. Peaslee, L. Phair, M. B. Tsang, C. Williams, G. J. Wozniak, and F. Zhu, Nucl. Phys. A553,749c (1993).

35. Multiplicity Dependence of Azimuthal Distributions for 36Ar + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 35 MeV, M.B. Tsang, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, P. Danielewicz, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, W.G. Lynch, L. Phair, R.T. de Souza, and F. Zhu, Phys. Rev. C47, 2717 (1993).

34. Thermal Characteristics of Composite Systems Formed in the Fusion of 28Si and 124Sn Nuclei, J.L. Wile, S. Datta, W.U. Schroder, J. Toke, D. Pade, S.P. Baldwin, J.R. Huizenga, B.M. Quednau, R.T. de Souza, and B.M. Szabo, Phys. Rev. C47, 2135 (1993).

33. Expansion Effects in Intermediate Energy Heavy-Ion Reactions. R. T. de Souza, D. Fox, W. A.Friedman, L. Phair, D. R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, W. G. Lynch, G. F. Peaslee, M. B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Lett. B300, 29 (1993).

32. Extraction of the Multifragment Timescale in Intermediate Energy Heavy-Ion Reactions, D. Fox, R.T. de Souza, L. Phair, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, G.F. Peaslee, M.B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Rev. C47, R421 (1993).

31. Thermalization in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions. F. Zhu, W. G. Lynch, D. R. Bowman, R. T. de Souza, C. K. Gelbke, Y. D. Kim, L. Phair, M. B. Tsang, C.Williams, H. M. Xu, and J. Dinius, Phys. Lett. B282, 299 (1992).

30. Binary Character of Highly Dissipative 209Bi + 136Xe Collisions at Elab/A = 28.2 MeV, B. Lott, S.P. Baldwin, B.M. Szabo, B.M. Quednau, W.U. Schroder, J. Toke, L.G. Sobotka, J. Baretto, R.J. Charity, L. Gallamore, D.G. Sarantites, D.W. Stracener, and R.T. de Souza, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3141 (1992).

29. Excitation Function for Complex Fragment Emission in E/A = 20-100 MeV 14N + natAg, 197Au Reactions, J.L. Wile, D.E. Fields, K. Kwiatkowski, S.J. Yennello, K.B. Morley, E. Renshaw, V.E. Viola, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Lynch, N. Carlin, H.M. Xu, W.G. Gong, M.B. Tsang, J. Pochodzalla, R.T. de Souza, D.J. Fields, and S.M. Austin, Phys. Rev. C45, 2300 (1992).

28. Neutron Evaporation from Compound Nuclei Formed in the 118Sn + 28Si and 124Sn + 28Si Fusion Reactions at Elab = 120 - 150 MeV, J.L. Wile, S. Datta, W.U. Schroder, J. Toke, D. Pade, S.P. Baldwin, J.R. Huizenga, B.M. Quednau, R.T. de Souza, and B. Szabo, Phys. Rev. C47, 2135 (1993).

27. Mechanism of Intermediate Mass Fragment Formation from Threshold to E/A = 100 MeV. V. E. Viola, J. L. Wile, D. E. Fields, K. Kwiatkowski, S. J. Yennello, H. M. Xu, M. B. Tsang, R. T. de Souza, E. Renshaw, J. Pochodzalla, K. B. Morley, W. G. Lynch, W. G. Gong, C. K. Gelbke, D. J. Fields, and N. Carlin, Nucl. Phys. A538, 291c (1992).

26. Reaction Dynamics and Deuteron Production. M. B. Tsang, P. Danielewicz, D. R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C. K. Gelbke, W G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, W. G. Lynch, L. Phair, R. T. de Souza and F. Zhu, Phys. Lett. B297, 243 (1992).

25. Fluctuations in Multifragment Decays. L. Phair, M. A. Lisa, D. Bowman, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, W. G. Lynch, G. F. Peaslee, H. Schulz, R. T. de Souza, M. B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Lett. B291, 7 (1992).

24. Impact Parameter Filters for 36Ar + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 50, 80, and 110 MeV. L. Phair, D. R. Bowman, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, W. G. Lynch, G. F. Peaslee, R. T. de Souza, M. B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Nucl. Phys. A548, 489 (1992).

23. Intermediate Mass Fragments as a Probe of Nuclear Dynamics, D.R. Bowman, C.M. Mader, G.F. Peaslee, W. Bauer, N. Carlin, R.T. de Souza, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, L. Phair, M.B. Tsang, C. Williams, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M.A. McMahan, G.J. Wozniak, L.G. Moretto, and W.A. Friedman, Phys. Rev C46, 1834 (1992).

22. Multifragment Emission in 36Ar + 197Au and 129Xe + 197Au Collisions: Percolation Model. L. Phair, W. Bauer, D. R. Bowman, N. Carlin, R. T de Souza, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, W. G. Lynch, G. F. Peaslee, M. B. Tsang, C. Williams, F. Zhu, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M. A. McMahan, G. J. Wozniak, and L. G. Moretto, Phys. Lett. B285, 10 (1992).

21. Final-state Coulomb Interactions for Intermediate-mass Fragment Emission, Y.D. Kim, R.T. de Souza, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, and S. Pratt, Phys. Rev. C45, 387 (1992).

20.Intermediate Mass Fragment Emission in 36Ar + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 35 MeV, Y.D. Kim, R.T. de Souza, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, W.G. Lynch, L. Phair, M.B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Rev. C45, 338 (1992).

19. Particle Multiplicity Dependence of High-Energy Photon Production in a Heavy-Ion Reaction, L.G. Sobotka, L. Gallamore, A. Chbihi, D.G. Sarantites, D.W. Stracener, W. Bauer, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, R.T. de Souza, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, S. Hannuschke, Y.D. Kim, W.G. Lynch, R.Ronnigen, M.B. Tsang, F, Zhu, J.R. Beene, M.L. Halbert, and M. Thoennessen, Phys. Rev. C44, R2257 (1991).

18. Complex Fragment Emission in the E/A = 60-100 MeV 14N + natAg,197Au Reactions. J. L. Wile, D. E. Fields, K. Kwiatkowski, K. B. Morley, E. Renshaw, S. J. Yennello, V. E. Viola, N. Carlin, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, W. G. Lynch, R. T. de Souza, M. B. Tsang, and H. M. Xu, Phys. Lett. B264, 26 (1991)

17. Multifragment Emission in the Reaction 36Ar + 197Au at E/A = 35,50,80, and 110 MeV. R. T. de Souza, L. Phair, D. R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, W. G. Lynch, G. F. Peaslee, M. B. Tsang, H. M. Xu, F. Zhu, and W. A. Friedman, Phys. Lett. B268, 6 (1991).

16. Multifragment Disintegration of the 129Xe + 197Au System at E/A = 50 MeV, D.R. Bowman, G.F. Peaslee, R.T. de Souza, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, Y.D. Kim, M.A. Lisa, W.G. Lynch, L. Phair, M.B. Tsang, C. Williams, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M.A. McMahan, G.J. Wozniak, L.G. Moretto, and W.A. Friedman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1527 (1991).

15. Reaction Plane Determination for 36Ar + 197Au Collisions at E/A = 35 MeV, M.B. Tsang, R.T. de Souza, Y.D. Kim, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, W.G. Lynch, L. Phair, and F. Zhu, Phys. Rev. C44, 2065 (1991).

14. Time Scale for Emission of Intermediate Mass Fragments in 36Ar+ 197Au Collisions at E/A = 35 MeV, Y.D. Kim, R.T. de Souza, D.R. Bowman, N. Carlin, C.K. Gelbke, W.G. Gong, W.G. Lynch, L. Phair, M.B. Tsang, and F. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 14 (1991).

13. Space-time Evolution of Reactions 14N+ 27Al, 197Au at E/A = 75 MeV and 129Xe+ 27Al, 122Sn at E/A = 31 MeV Probed by Two-proton Intensity Interferometry, W.G. Gong, W. Bauer, C.K. Gelbke, N. Carlin, R.T. de Souza, Y.D. Kim, W.G. Lynch, T. Murakami, G. Poggi, D. Sanderson, M.B. Tsang, H.M. Xu, S. Pratt, D.E. Fields, K. Kwiatkowski, R. Planeta, V.E. Viola, Jr., and S.J. Yennello, Phys. Rev. C43, 1804 (1991).

12. Trends in Fragment Heating in the Damped Reaction 165Ho + 56Fe at 7.2 MeV/u, D. Pade, W.U. Schroder, J. Toke, J.L. Wile, and R.T. de Souza, Phys. Rev. C43, 1288 (1991).

11. Intensity-Interferometric Test of Nuclear Collision Geometries Obtained from the Boltzman-Uehling-Uhlenbeck Equation, W.G. Gong, W. Bauer, C.K. Gelbke, N. Carlin, R.T. de Souza, Y.D. Kim, W.G. Lynch, T. Murakami, G. Poggi, D. Sanderson, M.B. Tsang, H.M. Xu, S. Pratt, D.E. Fields, K. Kwiatkowski, R. Planeta, V.E. Viola Jr., S.J. Yennello, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 2114 (1990).

10. Two-proton Correlation Functions for Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium Emission. W. G. Gong, C. K. Gelbke, N. Carlin, R. T. de Souza, Y.D. Kim, W.G. Lynch, T. Murakami, G. Poggi, D. Sanderson, M. B. Tsang, H.M. Xu, D. E. Fields, K. Kwiatkowski, R. Planeta, V. E. Viola Jr., S. J. Yennello, and S. Pratt, Phys. Lett. B246, 21 (1990).

9. The MSU Miniball 4 Fragment Detection Array. R. T. de Souza, N. Carlin, Y. D. Kim, J. Ottarson, L. Phair, D. R. Bowman, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, W. Lynch, R. A. Pelak, T. Peterson, G. Poggi, M. B. Tsang, and H. M. Xu, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A295, 109 (1990).

8. Evidence for Radial-Energy Scaling of Non-Equilibrium Neutron Yields in Damped 139La + 40Ar Reactions, J.L. Wile, S.S. Datta, R.T. de Souza, J.R. Huizenga, D. Pade, W.U. Schroder, and J. Toke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2551 (1989).

7. Excitation Energy Equilibration in Damped 139La + 40Ar Collisions at 15 MeV per Nucleon, J.L. Wile, S.S. Datta, W.U. Schroder, J.R. Huizenga, R.T. de Souza, D. Pade, Phys. Rev. C40, 1700 (1989).

6. Non-Equilibrium Effects in the 139La + 40Ar Reaction at 10 MeV per Nucleon Observed in a study of Neutron Emission, J.L. Wile, S.S. Datta, W.U. Schroder, J.R. Huizenga, J. Toke, R.T. de Souza, Phys. Rev. C39, 1845 (1989).

5. Nucleon Exchange in the Absence of Strong Driving Forces: The Reaction 238U + 48Ca at Elab = 425 MeV, R.T. de Souza, W.U. Schroder, J.R. Huizenga, J. Toke, S.S. Datta, and J.L. Wile, Phys. Rev. C39, 114 (1989).

4. N/Z Equilibration in Damped Collisions induced by E/A = 8.5 MeV 58Ni and 64Ni on 238U, R. Planeta, S.H. Zhou, K. Kwiatkowski, W.G. Wilson, V.E. Viola, H. Breuer, D. Benton, F. Khazaie, R.J. McDonald, A.C. Mignerey, A. Weston-Dawkes, R.T. de Souza, J.R. Huizenga, W.U. Schroder, Phys. Rev. C38, 195 (1988).

3. Effect of a Steep Gradient in the Potential Energy Surface on Nucleon Exchange, R.T. de Souza, J.R. Huizenga, W.U. Schroder, Phys. Rev. C37, 1901 (1988).

2. Evolution of Mass and Charge Asymmetry in Damped Heavy-Ion Reactions, R.T. de Souza, W.U. Schroder, J.R. Huizenga, R. Planeta, K. Kwiatowski, V.E. Viola, H. Breuer, Phys. Rev. C37, 1783 (1988).

1. Relaxation of the Mass Asymmetry Degree of Freedom in Heavy-Ion Reactions, M.A. Butler, S.S. Datta, R.T. de Souza, J.R. Huizenga, W.U. Schroder, J. Toke, and J.L. Wile, Phys. Rev. C34, 2018 (1986).